When a plantar fascia ligament found in the foot is torn, it is called as fascia rupture which is considered more serious than plantar fasciitis which causes small tears on the tissues.
The plantar fascia is a thick, connective and fibrous tissue band extending along the bottom part of the foot. It is composed of collagen, water, glycosaminoglycans and elastin. Repetitive stress and trauma to the fascia can cause tears which make the collagen fibers separate and loosen. The plantar fascia flexes and supports the movement of the foot. It is in the form of a sheet that provides stability to the step by making a proper heel-toe contact with the ground.
A torn plantar fascia ligament can be caused by a repetitive stress placed on the foot that causes the ligament to become severely stiff. As a result, it is pulled away from the heel bone. When there is a tear in the plantar fascia, it will cause inflammation in the ligament and make the foot ache and the pain can spread throughout the entire foot. Wearing ill-fitting shoes and those that do not have adequate cushioning increases the risk for this condition. In addition, an overweight person is also at risk.
- Performing excessively strenuous running workouts
- Playing strenuous sports
- Wearing poorly fitted shoes
- Difficulty in placing the heel on the ground
- Discomfort in getting out of bed in the morning
- There is pain when the heel touches the ground and disrupts with normal walking
- Take plenty of rest especially the affected foot at least 3 -4 weeks until inflammation and pain is totally gone.
- Apply a cold compress or ice pack that is wrapped in a towel for at least 20 minutes at a time. You can also utilize ice to massage the area by freezing water using a paper cup and then roll the cup on the area that causes pain.
- Keep the foot elevated above the level of the heart in order to lessen the inflammation
- Perform low-impact exercises such as swimming, biking, running and walking.
- Wear shoes that have shock-absorbing soles and good arch support or cushion for the heel.
- Use crutches or a cane in order to help with mobility and keep the heel in a raised position.
- Gradual stretching of the foot in order to help increase flexibility.
- Take the prescribed anti-inflammatory medications to help minimize the pain and promote fast healing of the affected area.
Adequate stretching must be performed before any exercise or sports to reduce the risk of the muscles and supporting tissue to injuries.